Die Türkei hat den Status eines Bewerberlandes erhalten. Die Beitrittsverhandlungen wurden im Oktober aufgenommen. Die Beziehungen zwischen der EG bzw. EU und der Türkei gestalten sich von Anfang an wechselvoll und werden sowohl in der Türkei als auch in den. Operative Regionalentwicklungsprogramme , Beitrag aus IPA-Fördermitteln (EU) = 85 %, Nationale öffentliche Mittel (Türkei) Beitrag =
Willkommen auf den Seiten des Auswärtigen AmtsWarum die Türkei unter Erdogan kein EU-Mitglied wird. „Alle Länder des Westlichen Balkans streben nach wie vor eine Vollmitgliedschaft in der EU an“, sagt. Die Beitrittsverhandlungen der Türkei mit der Europäischen Union wurden offiziell in der Nacht vom 3. zum 4. Oktober aufgenommen. Bereits sechs Jahre zuvor, am Dezember , wurde dem Land der Status eines offiziellen Beitrittskandidaten. Der türkische Ministerpräsident Recep Tayyip Erdogan hat den formellen Beginn der EU-Beitrittsverhandlungen als "riesigen Schritt" gewürdigt. "Das ist ein Erfolg.
Turkei Eu Navigation menu VideoTürkei: EU-Parlament sieht derzeit kaum Chance für Beitritt 3/3/ · The EU-Turkey refugee deal, which was criticised by rights groups, came after a massive influx of refugees into the EU in and early , when more than one million people arrived in . 3/26/ · The EU largely depends on Turkey to curtail the flow of migrants into Europe and is an important Nato ally but the bloc has deep concerns over the state of democracy and human rights in Turkey Author: Tom Batchelor. 2/4/ · The European Union welcomes the Turkish government’s recently announced reform agenda, a senior diplomat said Thursday while visiting Turkey’s central province of Kayseri. Nikolaus Meyer. Die Beitrittsverhandlungen der Türkei mit der Europäischen Union wurden offiziell in der Nacht vom 3. zum 4. Oktober aufgenommen. Bereits sechs Jahre zuvor, am Dezember , wurde dem Land der Status eines offiziellen Beitrittskandidaten. Seit ihrem Beitritt zur Europäischen Zollunion gilt in der Türkei das europäische Wirtschaftsrecht, dem Ankara die eigenen Handelsbeziehungen mit Nicht-EU-. Die Beziehungen zwischen der EG bzw. EU und der Türkei gestalten sich von Anfang an wechselvoll und werden sowohl in der Türkei als auch in den. Seit mehr als 20 Jahren ist die Türkei EU-Beitrittskandidat. Doch die Spannungen werden immer größer, das Verhältnis ist zerrüttet. Warum.
The EU also promised to grant six billion euros in two equal tranches to refugee-related projects in Turkey.
In a statement to Al Jazeera on Monday, the Turkish foreign ministry said, of the first three billion euro instalment, a total of 2. Ankara, however, says the EU has been slow in releasing the second part of the aid, noting that only million euros have been released and On Tuesday, Turkish Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu said on Twitter that more than , refugees had left Turkey for Greece.
In contrast, Greek authorities argue that people who entered Greece without documents have been arrested since Friday, adding that they stopped thousands of others before entry.
As of [update] , the population of Turkey stood at Upon joining the EU, Turkey's 83 million inhabitants would bestow it the second largest number of MEPs in the European Parliament.
This means Turkey would get the maximal number of representatives in the European Parliament, equal to Germany's.
In , the population of Turkey is estimated at 83 people million. If Turkey were to join the European Union, Istanbul would become the most populous metropolis in the EU.
Cyprus was divided when, on 20 July , Turkey invaded and occupied a third of the island in response to an Athens-engineered coup aimed at annexing Cyprus to Greece.
The Turkish invasion in and the resulting movement of refugees along both sides of the Green Line , and the establishment of the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in , form the core issues which surround the ongoing Cyprus dispute.
Turkey and the Turkish Cypriots backed the Annan Plan for Cyprus aimed at the reunification of the island, but the plan was subsequently rejected by Greek Cypriots on the grounds that it did not meet their needs.
According to Greek Cypriots, the latest proposal included maintained residence rights for the many Anatolian Turks who moved to Cyprus after the invasion and their descendants who were born on the island after , while the Greek Cypriots who lost their property after the Turkish invasion would be granted only a restricted right of return to the north following the island's proposed reunification.
The Turkish government has refused to officially recognise the Republic of Cyprus until the removal of the political and economic blockade on the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
Under the customs agreements which Turkey had already signed as a precondition to start EU membership negotiations in , it is obliged to open its ports to Cypriot planes and vessels, but Turkey has not complied so far;  refusing to do so until the EU eases the international isolation of Northern Cyprus.
Turkey's refusal to implement a trade pact between Turkey and the EU that requires the Turkish government to allow Greek Cypriot vessels to use its air and seaports has prompted the EU to freeze eight chapters in Turkey's accession talks.
Everybody should understand this. The issue of Turkish membership has been contentious in Greece. A minority is affiliated with the Shi'a Alevi branch.
While current EU states typically contain large Muslim minorities, Christians are believed to comprise only 0.
Official population census polls in Turkey do not include information regarding a person's religious belief or ethnic background due to the regulations set by the Turkish constitution, which defines all citizens of the Republic of Turkey as Turkish in terms of nationality, regardless of faith or race.
There is a tradition of secularism in Turkey. The state has no official religion nor promotes any, and actively monitors the area between the religions.
No party can claim that it represents a form of religious belief; nevertheless, religious sensibilities are generally represented through conservative parties.
Turkey case on 10 November Cultural differences between Muslim majority Turkey and predominantly Christian Europe play an important part in the entire debate on Turkish accession to the European Union.
In an analysis, based on the World Values Survey , the social scientists Arno Tausch and Almas Heshmati came to the conclusion that a robust measurement scale of global economic, political and social values and Turkey's place on them wields only a very qualified picture of Turkey's place on the maps of global values.
The study, which is based on 92, representative individuals with complete data in 68 countries, representing From nine dimensions for the determination of the geography of human values, based on a promax factor analysis of the available data, six-factor analytical scores to calculate a new Global Value Development Index were used, which combines: avoiding economic permissiveness; avoiding racism; avoiding distrust of the army and the press; avoiding the authoritarian character; tolerance and respect; and avoiding the rejection of the market economy and democracy.
Turkey is ranked 25, ahead of several EU member countries. But there are still considerable deficits concerning the liberal values components, which are very important for an effective democracy.
The deficits, the study argues, suggest that the Turkish state, Turkish civil society, and European decision-makers would be well advised to continue to support civil society and secular democracy in Turkey.
In , the French Foreign Minister Michel Barnier stated that Turkey must recognise the systematic massacres of Armenians in as a genocide.
The President of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz , stated that it must be a precondition for Turkey to recognise the systematic massacres of Armenians in as genocide.
The government of Turkey rejects such a precondition for EU membership and does not accept it as a part of the EU membership criteria.
In , the European Parliament voted against a proposal to formally add the issue as a membership criterion for Turkey. In contravention of European Union directives on human rights, Turkey banned LGBT pride parades in and Article states that "a person who publicly insults the Turkish nation, the State of the Republic of Turkey, or the Grand National Assembly of Turkey , shall be punishable by imprisonment of between six months and two years" and also that "expressions of thought intended to criticise shall not constitute a crime.
The EU was especially critical of this law during the September trial of novelist Orhan Pamuk over comments that recognised the deaths of thirty thousand Kurds and a million Armenians.
Enlargement commissioner Olli Rehn and members of the European Parliament called the case "regrettable", "most unfortunate", and "unacceptable".
Turkey gave women the right to vote in for municipal elections. In this right was expanded for the national elections, while women were also given the right to become elected as MPs in the Turkish Parliament , or for being appointed as Ministers , Prime Minister , Speaker of the Parliament and President of the Republic.
In its second report on women's role in social, economic and political life in Turkey, the European Parliament emphasised that respecting human rights, including women's rights, is an essential condition for Turkey's membership of the EU.
According to the report, Turkey's legal framework on women's rights "has in general been satisfactory, but its substantive implementation remains flawed.
Turkey is one of two states along with Azerbaijan among the 47 members of the Council of Europe which refuse to recognise the status of conscientious objectors or give them an alternative to military service, other than a reduction of service by paying a tax.
Turkey is a transcontinental country located in both Asia and Europe. Istanbul, the largest city, is also spread across the two continents.
Integrating Turkey into the European Union, which is almost wholly located outside of Europe, has been a controversial issue from the start of the accession talks.
Public opinion in EU countries generally opposes Turkish membership, though with varying degrees of intensity. Nearly all citizens about 9 in 10 expressed concerns about human rights as the leading cause.
There is a trend in declining support since that has continued during the —present purges in Turkey. In the past support for Turkish accession came especially from left-wing parties, but more recently both sides of the political spectrum in Europe have been highly critical of Turkey's human rights record.
Opposition to Turkish accession is higher in countries such as Bulgaria and Germany which have a high population of Turkish diaspora or Muslims in Europe.
The opening of membership talks with the EU in December was celebrated by Turkey with much fanfare,  but the Turkish populace has become increasingly sceptical as negotiations are delayed based on what it views as lukewarm support for its accession to the EU and alleged double standards in its negotiations particularly with regard to the French and Austrian referendums.
Moreover, Turks are divided on whether to join at all. A poll put Turkish support for accession to the EU at Then, we will regain the Turkish public opinion support in one day.
As regards Turkey, the country is clearly far away from EU membership. A government that blocks Twitter is certainly not ready for accession.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about accession negotiations process. For the broad perspective on relations between the European Union and Turkey, see European Union—Turkey relations.
Policies and related articles. Main article: Cyprus dispute. Main article: Economy of Turkey. See also: European Union—Turkey Customs Union.
Beko and Vestel are among the largest producers of consumer electronics and home appliances in Europe. Further information: Demographics of Turkey.
Main article: Foreign relations of Turkey. Further information: Cyprus dispute. Further information: Greece—Turkey relations. Further information: Religion in Turkey and Secularism in Turkey.
Main article: LGBT rights in Turkey. Main articles: Censorship in Turkey and Article Further information: Women in Turkey. This section needs to be updated.
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. January EU sets date for membership talks with Turkey.
Turkey portal European Union portal. IMF World Economic Outlook Database, October Retrieved 21 February Central Intelligence Agency.
Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 26 August European Commission. Archived PDF from the original on 21 November Retrieved 17 December Retrieved 14 May The Guardian.
Retrieved 5 December Euro News. Retrieved 28 December Cyprus Mail. Die Zeit. Retrieved 9 February European Parliament. Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Directorate for EU Affairs.
February European Parliament Foreign Affairs Committee agreed on a draft resolution that calling for the suspension of EU accession negotiations with Turkey.
Embassy of the Republic of Turkey Washington, DC. Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 4 July Council of Europe.
Archived from the original on 7 December Retrieved 30 October NATO Media Library. Archived from the original on 1 November South Atlantic Quarterly.
Embassy of the Republic of Turkey in London. Retrieved 5 September Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 9 January Retrieved 7 June Archived from the original on 17 April Retrieved 27 December Joint Parliamentary Commission is the control body of the Turkey-EU association.
Its task is to analyze the annual activity reports submitted to it by the Association Council and to make recommendations on EU-Turkey Association related issues.
It consists of 18 members selected from the Turkish Grand National Assembly and the European Parliament, who meet twice a year.
The main task of CUJC is to establish a consultative procedure in order to ensure legislative harmony foreseen in the fields directly related to the functioning of the customs union between Turkey and the EU.
CUJC makes recommendations to the Association Council. It is foreseen to meet regularly once a month. Joint Consultative Committee JCC was formed on 16 November in accordance with the Article 25 of the Ankara Agreement.
The Comity aims to promote dialogue and cooperation between the economic and social interest groups in the European Community and Turkey and to facilitate the institutionalization of the partners of that dialogue in Turkey.
Joint Consultative Comity has a mixed, cooperative and a two-winged structure: EU and Turkey wings. It has 36 members in total, composed of 18 Turkish and 18 EU representatives and it has two elected co-chairmen, one from the Turkish side and the other from the EU side.
Secretariat General for European Union Affairs was established in July to ensure internal coordination and harmony in the preparation of Turkey for EU membership.
Under secretariat of Foreign Trade EU Executive Board was established to ensure the direction, follow-up and final of work carried out within the scope of the Customs Union and the aim of integration.
The Customs Union between the EU and Turkey in the view of both sides needs an upgrade to accommodate developments since its conclusion; however, as of , technical negotiations to upgrade the customs union agreement to the advantage of both sides are complicated by ongoing tension between Ankara and Brussels.
Turkey receives payments from the EU budget as pre-accession support,  currently 4. In June , the EU's financial watchdog, the European Court of Auditors, announced that it would investigate the effectiveness of the pre-accessions funds which Turkey has received since to support rule of law, civil society, fundamental rights, democracy and governance reforms.
The European Commission's long-term budget proposal for the period released in May included pre-accession funding for a Western Balkan Strategy for further enlargement, but omitted Turkey.
The increasing persecution of political dissenters as alleged "terrorists" in Turkey  creates political tension between the EU and Turkey in both ways: While the EU criticizes the abuse of "anti-terror" rhetoric and legislation to curb freedom of speech, Recep Tayyip Erdogan frequently accuses EU member countries as well as the EU as a whole of "harboring terrorists" for giving safe haven to Turkish citizens who are persecuted because of their political opinions.
In April , the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe PACE voted to reopen its monitoring procedure against Turkey.
This vote is widely understood to deal a major blow to Turkey's perspective of eventual EU membership, as exiting that process was made a precondition of EU accession negotiations back in The refugee crisis had a great impact on relations.
They became functional, based on interdependence as well as the EU's relative retreat from political membership conditionality.
The March EU-Turkey 'refugee deal' made for deeper functional cooperation with material and normative concessions made by the EU.
On 20 March , a deal between the EU and Turkey to tackle the migrant crisis formally came into effect. The agreement was intended to limit the influx of irregular migrants entering the EU through Turkey.
A central aspect of the deal is the return to the Turkish capital of Ankara any irregular migrant who is found to have entered the EU through Turkey without having already undergone a formal asylum application process.
Those that had bypassed the asylum process in Turkey would be returned and placed at the end of the application line.
Greece is often the first EU member-state entered by irregular migrants who have passed through Turkey.
Greek islands such as Lesbos are hosting increasing numbers of irregular migrants who must now wait for the determination of asylum status before moving to their ultimate destinations elsewhere in Europe.
Some 2, experts, including security and migration officials and translators, were set to arrive in Greece to help enforce the deal. Additional administrative help will be necessary to process the increasing backlogs of migrants detained in Greece as a result of the EU-Turkey deal.
In exchange for Turkey's willingness to secure its borders and host irregular migrants, the EU agreed to resettle, on a basis, Syrian migrants living in Turkey who had qualified for asylum and resettlement within the EU.
The EU further incentivized Turkey to agree to the deal with a promise of lessening visa restrictions for Turkish citizens and by offering the Turkish government a payment of roughly six billion euros.
Of these funds, roughly three billion euros was earmarked to support Syrian refugee communities living in Turkey.
By the end of , the EU-Turkey deal had been successful in limiting irregular migration into Europe through Turkey. However, there are still many doubts about the implementation of the agreement, including how the deal may violate human rights protections outlined in the Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.
Critics have argued that the deal is essentially a deterrence strategy that seeks to encourage irregular migrants to file their asylum applications in Turkey rather than face being apprehended and sent back to Ankara, ultimately prolonging their application process.
Critics have said the deal could force migrants determined to reach Europe to start using other and potentially more dangerous routes, such as the journey between North Africa and Italy.
Human rights groups have strong criticism about the deal, with Amnesty International accusing the EU of turning "its back on a global refugee crisis".
Specifically, many refugees are unable to apply for asylum while in Turkey and while there, they have low-quality living standards. These areas are often lacking in critical infrastructure such as hospitals.
As of , the deal has had mixed success. It has drastically cut the number of migrants entering European countries, dropping by over half within three years.
This result is the most pronounced in European countries situated farther West. A small percentage of these people were returned, amounting to 2, people.
The risk of violating both European and international law has made this key portion of the deal far less successful than it was intended to be.
There is a long-standing dispute over Turkey's maritime boundaries with Greece and Cyprus and drilling rights in the eastern Mediterranean.
The EU Commissioner of Interior Affairs Cecilia Malmström indicated on 29 September that visa requirement for Turkish citizens will eventually be discontinued.
Initial changes were expected in the autumn of , which would include the reduction of visa paperwork, more multi-entry visas, and extended stay periods.
In June , the EU authorised the beginning of negotiations with Turkey on visa exemptions for its citizens. Our goods can move freely, but a visa is required for the owner of the goods.
This is a violation of human rights. In December , after signing a readmission agreement, the EU launched a visa liberalisation dialogue with Turkey including a "Roadmap towards the visa-free regime".
On 18 March , EU reached a migration agreement with Turkey, aiming at discouraging refugees to enter EU. Under this deal, Turkey agreed to take back migrants who enter Greece, and send legal refugees to EU.
In exchange, EU agreed to give Turkey six billion euros, and to allow visa-free travel for Turkish citizens by the end of June if Turkey meets 72 conditions.
On 19 April , Jean-Claude Juncker said that Turkey must meet the remaining criteria to win visa-free access to Schengen area. High Representative Federica Mogherini issued a declaration on behalf of the EU on 9 October stating that "In light of the Turkish military operation in north-east Syria, the EU reaffirms that a sustainable solution to the Syrian conflict cannot be achieved militarily.
In , Bundestag Parliamentary Oversight Panel members demanded answer from German government about the reports that Germans of Turkish origin are being pressured in Germany by informers and officers of Turkey's MIT spy agency.
According to reports Turkey had 6, informants plus MIT officers in Germany who were putting pressure on "German Turks". Hans-Christian Ströbele told that there was an "unbelievable" level of "secret activities" in Germany by Turkey's MIT agency.
According to Erich Schmidt-Eenboom, not even the former communist East German Stasi secret police had managed to run such a large "army of agents" in the former West Germany : "Here, it's not just about intelligence gathering, but increasingly about intelligence service repression.
In , the Flemish interior minister, Liesbeth Homans , started the process of withdrawing recognition of the Turkish-sponsored and country's second largest mosque, Fatih mosque in Beringen accusing the mosque of spying in favor of Turkey.
Pilz's website faced a DDoS attack by Turkish hacktivists and heavy security was provided when he presented the report publicly.
Per the report, Turkey operates a clandestine network of informants targeting opposition as well as Gülen supporters inside Austria.
His murder remained unsolved and at the time his murder was thought to be drug-related, but in new documents suggest that Turkey's National Intelligence Organization MIT ordered his murder.
Turkey's MIT was blamed for the murders of three Kurdish activists in Paris. European Union launched the Operation Irini with the primary task to enforce the United Nations arms embargo to Libya because of the Second Libyan Civil War.
During this period there were some incidents between the Irini forces and the Turkish forces. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
European Union — Turkey relations EU Turkey Diplomatic mission European Union Delegation, Ankara Turkey Mission, Brussels Relations between the European Union EU and Turkey were established in , and the institutional framework was formalized with the Ankara Agreement.
Main articles: Foreign relations of the European Union and Foreign relations of Turkey. Further information: Accession of Turkey to the European Union.
Further information: European Union—Turkey Customs Union. See also: Cyprus—Turkey maritime zones dispute , Cyprus dispute , Aegean dispute , and Turkish invasion of Cyprus.
See also: Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria. European Union portal Turkey portal. Retrieved 8 September Despite threatening rhetoric from EU leaders, Brussels elected to postpone a decision on trade tariffs or an arms embargo until March.
Tensions worsened in the latter part of the year as French President Emmanuel Macron began his crackdown on extremist Islam in response to terrorist attacks in France.
On Monday, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu urged Greece to resume exploratory talks with Ankara on hydrocarbon resources in the Eastern Mediterranean.
Die Gute Zeiten Madtown Zeiten-Zuschauer hoffen es Turkei Eu. - Der türkische Präsident Recep Tayyip Erdogan bei einem Staatsbesuch in Berlin im September 2018.Kommunikation und Marketing Abt.