Expedition Arktis – Ein Jahr. Ein Schiff. Im Eis. ist ein Dokumentarfilm der UFA Show & Factual in Kooperation mit dem rbb, NDR und HR. Die Erstausstrahlung. Es ist die größte Arktis-Expedition aller Zeiten: Der deutsche Eisbrecher "Polarstern" macht sich auf den Weg zum Nordpol. Expedition Arktis: Die größte Forschungsreise aller Zeiten. Bildband zum ARD-Film: nolablogs.com: Horvath, Esther, Grote, Sebastian, Weiss-Tuider, Katharina.
EinstellungenCorona machte auch den AWI-Forschern zu schaffen. Letztlich konnte die "Mosaic"-Expedition aber wie geplant bis Oktober laufen. Die ersten. Expedition Arktis: Die größte Forschungsreise aller Zeiten. Bildband zum ARD-Film: nolablogs.com: Horvath, Esther, Grote, Sebastian, Weiss-Tuider, Katharina. Expedition Arktis. Wie Norddeutsche im Eis um unser Klima kämpfen. Mittwoch, November , bis Uhr Donnerstag, November
Arktis Expedition Navigation menu VideoAbenteuer Antarktis: Ein Jahr im ewigen Eis Doku (2018)
Die veralteten APKs lassen sich noch im Internet finden, Arktis Expedition Himmel Netz hier wieder ein bisschen mehr im Development herausgeholt werden wrde knnen, bevor es sich 2007 auf das Streaming-Geschft verlegte. - Norddeutsche ExpeditionsteilnehmerDie Mitarbeiterin des AWI ist für ein Foto der Mosaic-Expedition ausgezeichnet worden. MOSAiC is the largest Arctic expedition ever. Led by Alfred Wegener Institute, the research icebreaker Polarstern is currently drifting with the Arctic sea ice. Follow us live via the MOSAiC web app!. Visit preserved cabins used by explorers on hunting expeditions in the early 20th century when trappers traveled to the Arctic in search of the big catch—wildlife like polar bears and Arctic fox whose pelts they could sell. The new arktis collection coffers durable and premium expedition clothing designed for extreme conditions. It consists of a Gore-Tex Pro jacket, Gore-Tex Pro bib, facemask balaclava, an expedition hat, and Gore-Tex mittens. Sign up on the product pages to get notified when the pieces are available. Explore the arktis collection. Distributes wilderness survival items, clothing, backpacks and water proof bags. Arktis Trade Website. Superior clothing and equipment made for the military, police, and outdoor enthusiasts. Engineered in the U.K.
Darüber hinaus spielen sie eine wichtige Rolle bei der biologischen Aktivität zur Bindung und zum potenziellen Export von CO 2. Die durchgeführten Messungen an Wassersäulen werden helfen, die folgenden Schlüsselmechanismen zu verstehen: 1 Zufuhr von Wärme an die Schnittstelle zwischen Meereis und Ozean , 2 Absorption der Sonneneinstrahlung und die Verarbeitung entstehenden Wärme , 3 Einflüsse der Tiefsee , 4 Produktionen und Exporte aus der euphotischen Zone.
Da eines der Hauptziele der MOSAiC-Expedition das Verständnis für die Entwicklung des Meereises ist, bilden eisnahe Ozeanprozesse, wie die oberflächennahe Mischung, die Schwerpunkte der ozeanografischen Messungen.
Dazu werden die Dynamik und die Thermodynamik der Ozeanmischschicht im Detail untersucht. Die Beobachtung der biologischen und biogeochemischen Transformation und Sukzession konzentrierte sich auf die Untersuchung von Eis-, Schnee- und Wasserproben.
Diese Messungen wurden über einen vollständigen und kontinuierlichen arktischen Jahreszyklus geführt, um die Biologie und Biogeochemie des Eismeer-Atmosphärensystems zu jeder Jahreszeit zu quantifizieren, insbesondere im untererforschten arktischen Winter.
Ein drittes Schlüsselelement ist die Beobachtung des Zyklus biogener Gase wie N 2 O , O 2 , DMS Dimethylsulfid oder Bromoform im Schnee , im Meereis und -wasser , die zum Verständnis der zugrunde liegenden biogeochemischen Pfade beitragen.
Eine enge Vernetzung zwischen Modell- und Beobachtungskonzept spielte eine Schlüsselrolle bei der Definition und Planung der MOSAiC-Expedition.
Um die Veränderungen des arktischen Klimasystems zu verstehen und zu erklären, werden Modelle zusammenwirkend mit den Beobachtungen und Messungen entwickelt und bestehende Modelle verbessert.
Diese Beobachtungen spielen dann wiederum eine wichtige Rolle zur Verbesserung dieser und zur Entwicklung weiterer Modelle zur Wetter- und Meereisvorhersage sowie der Klimaprojektion.
Des Weiteren werden Modelle den Blick auf Phänome ermöglichen, die nicht direkt beobachtbar sind.
Zusätzlich werden regionale Arktismodelle verwendet, um wichtige Fragen bezüglich der Arktis als globale Energiesenke zu beantworten, in der Art und Weise, wie globale Verbindungsmuster von einem sich ändernden arktischen Eisvolumen beeinflusst werden, und die Auswirkungen dieser Veränderungen auf die Zirkulation und das Wetter in niedrigeren Breiten.
Keine andere polare Forschungsreise wurde so stark medial verwertet wie die MOSAiC-Expedition. Das Alfred-Wegener-Institut stockte seine Presseabteilung vor und während der Expedition auf.
Sie koordinierte die Medienarbeit an Bord. Die Expedition wurde in deutschen und internationalen Medien häufig im Kontext der Notwendigkeit eines besseren Klimaschutzes dargestellt.
Die mediale Aufmerksamkeit bündelte sich dabei meist auf die Meeresbiologin und Direktorin des AWI Antje Boetius und den Atmosphärenphysiker und Kampagnenleiter Markus Rex.
Neben mehreren Berichten in der Tagesschau , war die Expedition Thema in fast allen deutschen Zeitungen, Magazinen und Radiosendern. International erschienen Berichte z.
Für die Vermarktung der Expedition schloss das öffentlich-rechtliche AWI mit der privaten Bertelsmann Content Alliance eine Vereinbarung als exklusivem deutschem Medienpartner.
Die Bertelsmann-Unternehmen begleiteten die Arktisexpedition in bewegtem und unbewegtem Bild, Ton und Wort.
Auch Tondokumente der Reise werden exklusiv über die Bertelsmann Audio Alliance  vertrieben. Bereits nur etwas mehr als einen Monat nach seiner Rückkehr veröffentlichte Markus Rex am Ein Schiff.
Im Eis. November im Ersten erstausgestrahlt und stand für einen Monat in der ARD-Mediathek zur Verfügung. November erstausgestrahlt wurde, und für ein Jahr in der Mediathek zur Verfügung steht.
Istituto di Scienze Polari CNR - ISP. KOPRI - Korea Polar Research Institute. WUR - Wageningen University. NERSC - Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center.
NORCE - Norwegian Research Center. NPI - Norwegian Polar Institute. NTNU - Norwegian University of Science and Technology. The Research Council of Norway.
UiT - The Arctic University of Norway. IOPAN - Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences.
AARI - Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. ICM- Institute of Marine Sciences. Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities. SLU - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF. ARM - Atmospheric Radiation Measurement. NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences. Woodman, and was the basis of two books, Unravelling the Franklin Mystery and Strangers Among Us , in which he reconstructs the final months of the expedition.
Woodman's narrative challenged existing theories that the expedition's survivors all perished over the remainder of as they marched south from Victory Point, arguing instead that Inuit accounts point strongly to most of the survivors cited by Crozier in his final note actually surviving past , re-manning at least one of the ships and managing to sail it down along the coast of King William Island before it sank, with some crew members surviving as late as The hope of finding other additional expedition records led Lieutenant Frederick Schwatka of the U.
Army to organise an expedition to the island between and Traveling to Hudson Bay on the schooner Eothen , Schwatka, assembling a team that included Inuit who had assisted Hall, continued north by foot and dog sled , interviewing Inuit, visiting known or likely sites of Franklin expedition remains, and wintering on King William Island.
Schwatka had Irving's remains returned to Scotland, where they were buried with full honors at Dean Cemetery in Edinburgh on 7 January The Schwatka expedition found no remnants of the Franklin expedition south of a place now known as Starvation Cove on the Adelaide Peninsula.
FEFAP hoped to find artefacts and skeletal remains in order to use modern forensics to establish identities and causes of death among the lost Although the trek found archaeological artefacts related to 19th-century Europeans and undisturbed disarticulated human remains, Beattie was disappointed that more remains were not found.
In June , a team made up of Beattie and three students Walt Kowall, a graduate student in anthropology at the University of Alberta; Arne Carlson, an archaeology and geography student from Simon Fraser University in British Columbia; and Arsien Tungilik, an Inuk student and field assistant was flown to the west coast of King William Island where they retraced some of the steps of McClintock in and Schwatka in — After returning to Edmonton in and learning of the lead level findings from the expedition, Beattie struggled to find a cause.
Possibilities included the lead solder used to seal the expedition's food tins, other food containers lined with lead foil, food colouring , tobacco products , pewter tableware, and lead- wicked candles.
He came to suspect that the problems of lead poisoning compounded by the effects of scurvy could have been lethal for the Franklin crew. However, because skeletal lead might reflect lifetime exposure rather than exposure limited to the voyage, Beattie's theory could be tested only by forensic examination of preserved soft tissue as opposed to bone.
Beattie decided to examine the graves of the buried crewmen on Beechey Island. After obtaining legal permission,  Beattie's team visited Beechey Island in August to perform autopsies on the three crewmen buried there.
Beattie noted that the seams were poorly soldered with lead, which had likely come in direct contact with the food.
Subsequent research has suggested that another potential source for the lead may have been the ships' distilled water systems rather than the tinned food.
Farrer argued that "it is impossible to see how one could ingest from the canned food the amount of lead, 3. However, and uniquely for this expedition only, the ships were fitted with converted railway locomotive engines for auxiliary propulsion which required an estimated one tonne of fresh water per hour when steaming.
It is highly probable that it was for this reason that the ships were fitted with a unique desalination system which, given the materials in use at the time, would have produced large quantities of water with a very high lead content.
William Battersby has argued that this is a much more likely source for the high levels of lead observed in the remains of expedition members than the tinned food.
A further survey of the graves was undertaken in A camera crew filmed the procedure, shown in Nova ' s television documentary "Buried in Ice" in Barbara Schweger, an Arctic clothing specialist, and Roger Amy, a pathologist , assisted in the investigation.
Beattie and his team had noticed that someone else had attempted to exhume Hartnell. In the effort, a pickaxe had damaged the wooden lid of his coffin, and the coffin plaque was missing.
A month later, Edward A. Inglefield , commander of another rescue expedition, succeeded with the exhumation and removed the coffin plaque.
Unlike Hartnell's grave, the grave of Private William Braine was largely intact. His arms, body, and head had not been positioned carefully in the coffin, and one of his undershirts had been put on backwards.
A large copper plaque with his name and other personal data punched into it adorned his coffin lid. L-R Three grave stones commemorate John Torrington, Wiliam Braine and John Hartnell of the Franklin Expedition.
A fourth headstone marks the grave of a sailor named Thomas Morgan who came later in a Franklin search expedition and died at the camp.
In , Franklin scholar Barry Ranford and his colleague, Mike Yarascavitch, discovered human skeletal remains and artefacts of what they suspected to be some of the lost crewmen of the expedition.
In , a team of archaeologists and forensic anthropologists returned to the site, which they referenced as "NgLj-2", on the western shores of King William Island in Erebus Bay, to excavate these remains.
These excavations uncovered nearly bones and bone fragments, and physical artefacts ranging from pieces of clay pipes to buttons and brass fittings.
Examination of these bones by Anne Keenleyside, the expedition's forensic scientist, showed elevated levels of lead and many cut-marks "consistent with de-fleshing".
On the basis of this expedition, it has become generally accepted that at least some groups of Franklin's men resorted to cannibalism in their final distress.
On 18 June , a study accepted for publication in the International Journal of Osteoarchaeology concluded that in addition to the de-fleshing of bones, thirty-five "bones had signs of breakage and 'pot polishing,' which occurs when the ends of bones heated in boiling water rub against the cooking pot they are placed in," which "typically occurs in the end stage of cannibalism, when starving people extract the marrow to eke out the last bit of calories and nutrition they can.
In , Franklin author David C. Woodman, with the help of magnetometer expert Brad Nelson, organised "Project Ootjoolik" to search for the wreck reported by Inuit testimony to lie off the waters of Adelaide Peninsula.
Over sixty strong magnetic targets were identified, of which five were deemed to have characteristics most congruent to those expected from Franklin's ships.
In , Joe McInnis and Woodman organised an attempt to identify the priority targets from the year before. A chartered aircraft landed on the ice at three of the locations, a hole was drilled through the ice, and a small sector-scan sonar was used to image the sea bottom.
However, due to ice conditions and uncertain navigation, it was not possible to exactly confirm the locations of the holes, and nothing was found although hitherto-unknown depths were found at the locations that were consistent with Inuit testimony of the wreck.
In , Woodman organised and led a land search of the area from Collinson Inlet  to modern Victory Point  in search of the buried "vaults" spoken of in the testimony of the contemporary Inuit hunter Supunger.
A ten person team spent ten days in the search, sponsored by the Royal Canadian Geographical Society , and filmed by the CBC Focus North. No trace of the vaults was found.
In , an expedition was jointly organised by Woodman, George Hobson, and American adventurer Steven Trafton — with each party planning a separate search.
Trafton's group travelled to the Clarence Islands to investigate Inuit stories of a "white man's cairn" there but found nothing. Hobson's party, accompanied by archaeologist Margaret Bertulli, investigated the "summer camp" found a few miles to the south of Cape Felix, where some minor Franklin relics were found.
Woodman, with two companions, travelled south from Wall Bay to Victory Point and investigated all likely campsites along this coast, finding only some rusted cans at a previously unknown campsite near Cape Maria Louisa.
In , a "Franklin " expedition was mounted by the Canadian film company Eco-Nova to use sonar to investigate more of the priority magnetic targets found in The senior archaeologist was Robert Grenier, assisted by Margaret Bertulli, and Woodman again acted as expedition historian and search coordinator.
Operations were conducted from the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker Laurier. When detached parties found Franklin relics — primarily copper sheeting and small items — on the beaches of islets to the north of O'Reilly Island the search was diverted to that area, but poor weather prevented significant survey work before the expedition ended.
A documentary, Oceans of Mystery: Search for the Lost Fleet , was produced by Eco-Nova about this expedition. Three expeditions were mounted by Woodman to continue the magnetometer mapping of the proposed wreck sites: a privately sponsored expedition in , and the Irish-Canadian Franklin Search Expeditions of and These made use of sled-drawn magnetometers working on the sea ice and completed the unfinished survey of the northern Kirkwall Island search area in , and the entire southern O'Reilly Island area in and All of the high-priority magnetic targets were identified by sonar through the ice as geological in origin.
In and , small Franklin artefacts and characteristic explorer tent sites were found on a small islet northeast of O'Reilly Island during shore searches.
In August , a new search was announced, to be led by Robert Grenier, a senior archaeologist with Parks Canada. This search hoped to take advantage of the improved ice conditions, using side-scan sonar from a boat in open water.
Grenier also hoped to draw from newly published Inuit testimony collected by oral historian Dorothy Harley Eber.
The search was to also include local Inuit historian Louie Kamookak, who has found other significant remains of the expedition and would represent the indigenous culture.
It was found in shallow water in Mercy Bay on 25 July , along the northern coast of Banks Island in Canada's western Arctic.
A new search was announced by Parks Canada in August On 1 September , a larger search by a Canadian team under the banner of the "Victoria Strait Expedition"  found two items on Hat Island in the Queen Maud Gulf near Nunavut's King William Island:  a wooden object, possibly a plug for a deck hawse , the iron pipe through which the ship's chain cable would descend into the chain locker below; and part of a boat-launching davit bearing the stamps of two Royal Navy broad arrows.
On 9 September , the expedition announced that on 7 September it had located one of Franklin's two ships. On 1 October at the House of Commons , Prime Minister Stephen Harper confirmed that the wreck is indeed HMS Erebus.
In September , Parks Canada announced that the Erebus has deteriorated significantly. The underwater exploration in totalled only a day and a half due to weather and ice conditions and was to continue in In , a team examined the wreck of HMS Terror using a remotely operated underwater vehicle ROV that collected photos and video clips of the ship and a number of artefacts.
The group concluded that the Terror had not been left at anchor, since the anchor cables were seen to be secured along the bulwarks.
The results of this study from King William Island and Beechey Island artefacts and human remains showed that the Beechey Island crew had most probably died of pneumonia  and perhaps tuberculosis , which was suggested by the evidence of Pott's disease discovered in Braine.
More recent chemical re-examination of bone and nail samples taken from Hartnell and other crew members has cast doubt on the role of lead poisoning.
Franklin's chosen passage down the west side of King William Island took Erebus and Terror into "a ploughing train of ice The Franklin expedition, locked in ice for two winters in Victoria Strait , was naval in nature and therefore not well equipped or trained for land travel.
Some of the crew members heading south from Erebus and Terror hauled many items not needed for Arctic survival. McClintock noted a large quantity of heavy goods in the lifeboat at the "boat place" and thought them "a mere accumulation of dead weight, of little use, and very likely to break down the strength of the sledge-crews".
In , Douglas Stenton , director for heritage in the Nunavut territory in north eastern Canada, suggested that four sets of European human remains found on King William Island could possibly be women.
He initially suspected that DNA testing would not offer up anything more, but to his surprise they registered that there was no 'Y' chromosomal element to the DNA.
Stenton acknowledged that women were known to have served in the Royal Navy in the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries, but he also pointed out that it could be that the DNA had simply degraded as further tests proved ambiguous and he concluded the initial findings were "almost certainly incorrect".
The most meaningful outcome of the Franklin expedition was the mapping of several thousand miles of hitherto unsurveyed coastline by expeditions searching for Franklin's lost ships and crew.
As Richard Cyriax noted, "the loss of the expedition probably added much more [geographical] knowledge than its successful return would have done".
There was a gap of many years before the Nares expedition and Sir George Nares ' declaration there was "no thoroughfare" to the North Pole; his words marked the end of the Royal Navy's historical involvement in Arctic exploration, the end of an era in which such exploits were widely seen by the British public as worthy expenditures of human effort and monetary resources.
Given how difficult and risky it was for professional explorers to cross the Northwest Passage, it would be impossible for the average merchant ships of the day to use this route for trade.
As a writer for The Athenaeum put it, "We think that we can fairly make out the account between the cost and results of these Arctic Expeditions, and ask whether it is worth while to risk so much for that which is so difficult of attainment, and when attained, is so worthless.
McClure was knighted for his discovery. Members of the Franklin expedition crossed the southern shore of King William Island and made it onto the Canadian mainland; this is evident by the fact that human remains from the expedition have been found inland on the Adelaide Peninsula.
As none of the members of the party made it out alive, it is not known whether any member of the party had realized this. George Back had discovered the strait in but did not realize it was a Northwest Passage.
In any case, by , it was widely believed that the remnants of the party had crossed the strait, and Lady Franklin was informed of such on 12 January by the Admiralty.
In , Francis McClintock ascertained that the Simpson Strait was indeed a Northwest Passage. Lady Franklin was given a medal in his name.
For years after the loss of the Franklin Party, the Victorian media portrayed Franklin as a hero who led his men in the quest for the Northwest Passage.
A statue of Franklin in his home town bears the inscription "Sir John Franklin — Discoverer of the North West Passage", and statues of Franklin outside the Athenaeum in London and in Tasmania bear similar inscriptions.
Although the expedition's fate, including the possibility of cannibalism, was widely reported and debated, Franklin's standing with the Victorian public was undiminished.
Ein Schiff. Im Eis. Die Erstausstrahlung erfolgte am Die Aufgabe der Wissenschaftler: Daten sammeln über den Ozean, das Eis, die Atmosphäre und das Leben, um so die globale Erwärmung zu verstehen.
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