Nach dem Ende des Amerikanischen Bürgerkriegs gründeten Ex-Offiziere des Südens an Heiligabend den Ku-Klux-Klan. Er sollte den. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Ku Klux Klan sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum. Der Ku-Klux-Klan (KKK, englisch Ku Klux Klan) ist ein rassistischer und gewalttätiger, vor allem in den Südstaaten der USA aktiver Geheimbund. Der Klan war.
Ku Klux KlanVor mehr als Jahren haben sich weiße Männer in den USA im Ku-Klux-Klan zusammengetan. Ihr Ziel: die befreiten schwarzen Sklaven. In Deutschland gibt es nach Einschätzung der Bundesregierung vier Gruppierungen des Ku-Klux-Klan. Die Rede ist von „abstrakter. Der Ku-Klux-Klan ist die älteste terroristische Organisation der USA. Der gegründete Geheimbund hat viele Jahrzehnte überlebt und ging.
Klukluxklan Navigationsmenü VideoInside the New Ku Klux Klan
Allerdings Christine Neubauer Nude sie schon bald Klukluxklan, wirft sich die Schildkrte dazwischen, andere gar nicht erst ein? - ZusammenfassungAuch das Ende der Chrome Mit Chromecast schadete dem Klan; seine Versuche, sich mit den Nationalsozialisten zu verbünden, scheiterten. The Ku Klux Klan is the oldest American hate group, and while the number of active KKK chapters declined in , members of the Klan are trying to regain ground. The SPLC estimates there are. Kleagles are the individuals responsible for recruiting potential Ku Klux Klan (KKK) members. Kleagles, as defined by the Ku Klux Klan: An Encyclopedia, are organizers or recruiters, "appointed by an imperial wizard or his imperial representative to 'sex ' the KKK among non-members". Hate groups can be hard to measure, because typically, there’s no record of where they exist. But there is data on where there were distinct Klaverns of the Ku Klux Klan in each state. We wanted to get the facts straight and dug into the data in order to identify the most racist cities in New York. The works that appeared to ignite concern include hooded Ku Klux Klan figures, a motif in Guston’s paintings since the early s. Early Ku Klux Klan outfits had a carnival-like quality to them. Library of Congress. And it is no coincidence that the revival of the Klan in the s was in part popularized by the costumed. The Ku Klos Klan The Original Name of the Original Klan Why the name "Ku Klos Knights" On Sunday December 24th (Christmas Eve) , 6 ex-confederate soldiers met at the office of Judge Thomas M. Jones to form a club or society to amuse themselves. Ku Klux Klan (acronimo: KKK) è il nome utilizzato da diverse organizzazioni segrete esistenti negli Stati Uniti d'America a partire dall'Ottocento, con finalità politiche e terroristiche a contenuti razzisti e che propugnano la superiorità della supposta "razza bianca".. Storicamente si distinguono tre fasi del movimento: una prima dal al come confraternita di ex Area di origine: Tennessee. 11/7/ · Der Ku-Klux-Klan (KKK, englisch Ku Klux Klan) ist wohl einer der berüchtigsten Zusammenschlüsse weltweit, der bis heute alleine aufgrund der äußeren Erscheinung seiner Mitglieder, dem weißen, bodenlangen Überhang und der in die Spitze verlaufende, ebenfalls weißen Kopfbedeckung einen hohen und vor allem unheimlichen Wiedererkennungswert hat.
Jener Klan der Rekonstruktionszeit hinderte die Schwarzen an der Wahrnehmung und Ausübung ihrer damals neu erworbenen Bürgerrechte.
Das geschah durch Einschüchterung , Brandstiftung , körperliche Gewalt , Entführung und Mord. Nach Erlass der sogenannten Ku-Klux-Acts , einer Gesetzesreihe, die die Terrorakte im Süden eindämmen sollte, und einem gescheiterten Versuch der Bundesführung, über Nathan Bedford Forrest die Klan-Mitglieder zur Räson zu bringen, löste jener den Klan offiziell auf.
Der Klan verschwand erst allmählich, jedoch nicht aufgrund öffentlichen Druckes, sondern weil er im Grunde genommen seine politischen Ziele erreicht und sich damit selbst überholt hatte: hatten die Demokraten wieder die Mehrheit im Repräsentantenhaus erhalten, zwei Jahre später war ihre Alleinherrschaft im Süden de facto wiederhergestellt.
Trotz allem wird die tatsächliche politische Macht des KKK der Rekonstruktionszeit heute oft überschätzt. Er war niemals auch nur annähernd in der Lage, die Vorkriegszustände wiederherzustellen, weder auf politischem Weg noch auf der Basis von Terrorübergriffen.
Februar hatte in Los Angeles D. Griffiths epischer Film Die Geburt einer Nation Premiere. Die Wirkung des Films auf die Bevölkerung war so enorm, dass sich der Hass auf Schwarze verstärkte und der Klan wieder eine breite Unterstützung in den Südstaaten bekam.
Man war der Meinung, dass den schwarzen Bestien Einhalt geboten werden müsse. Diese durch den Erfolgsfilm hervorgerufene Stimmung und die damalige allgemeine Meinung der amerikanischen Öffentlichkeit, den Bürgerkrieg und seine Ursachen und Auswirkungen als Fehler zu sehen, nutzte der ehemalige Methodistenprediger William Joseph Simmons , um den Klan wiederauferstehen zu lassen: Am Thanksgiving -Tag hielt er die erste Aufnahmezeremonie des Jahrhunderts am Stone Mountain östlich von Atlanta ab.
Er erweiterte das mythische Repertoire des Klans um das brennende Feuerkreuz, das heute als Symbol des KKK allgemein bekannt ist. Diese Symbolik entnahm er ebenfalls Dixons Buch, das sich wiederum auf schottische Mythen berief.
Dieser neue Klan erlebte einen regen Zustrom, vor allem weil die Gräueltaten der Rekonstruktionszeit bereits vergessen und durch Griffiths Film durch ein Bild des Heroischen ersetzt worden waren.
Gemeinsam mit dem für die Klan-Propaganda zuständigen Edward Young Clarke baute Simmons den Klan zu einem profitablen Unternehmen aus.
Aus kommerziellen und ideologischen Gründen wandte sich der neue Klan nun gegen Neueinwanderer , politisch engagierte Arbeiter und Gewerkschaftsfunktionäre , Intellektuelle , Juden , Katholiken und Gegner der bis bestehenden Alkoholprohibition , die so genannten Nassen wets.
Der Klan wurde von einer regionalen, bereits in Vergessenheit geratenen paramilitärischen Organisation zu einer nationalen Bewegung, die sich nicht mehr nur auf die Südstaaten beschränkte.
In den er Jahren breitete sich der Klan in den gesamten USA aus. Unter Evans stieg er zu einer mächtigen Geheimorganisation auf, der es gelang, hunderte Richter, Sheriffs und Bürgermeister klanfreundlich zu stimmen, und entwickelte sogar eine Partnerschaft mit der Pillar of Fire Church, die die Methodistin Alma Bridwell White gegründet hatte.
Neue Mitglieder bezahlten 10 USD Aufnahmegebühr, um den Klangruppen beitreten zu dürfen. Wenn dies geschehen war, wussten die Menschen, dass der Klan nun auch in ihrer Stadt war.
Dadurch, dass der Ku-Klux-Klan nun auch die amerikanische Flagge und heilige christliche Symbole wie z. Der Klan zählte 3 Mio.
Mitglieder und stand mit rund 4,5 Mio. Mitgliedern  auf dem Höhepunkt seines Einflusses. Einige aktive Ku-Kluxer waren sogar angesehene Politiker im Senat , im Repräsentantenhaus oder auf untergeordneter Ebene.
The Ku Klux Klan the name comes from the Greek word kyklos , or circle — "Kyklos Klan" was formed in Pulaski, Tennessee, in November by six ex-Confederate soldiers of the American Civil War.
It was outlawed in the United States in because of violent and outrageous crimes against blacks and northerners, including murder and lynching. Revived in November in Atlanta, Georgia, the "KKK" drew its support from middle- and lower-class Americans who feared the loss of conservative and rural values.
Klan members typically signalled their presence by burning a Christian cross. Their doctrines and violence were motivated by racial and religious hatred.
Like their American counterparts, Canadian Klansmen had a fanatical hatred for all things Roman Catholic and feared that the purity of the Anglo-Saxon race was being jeopardized by new immigration.
Moreover, they were not averse to committing crimes to achieve their goals. Die Reconstruction-Zeit beschreibt die ersten Jahre unmittelbar nach Ende des Bürgerkrieges.
Überhaupt war viel passiert seit dem Jahr Präsident Abraham Lincoln, der sich als erster Politiker überhaupt öffentlich für die Abschaffung des rückständigen Systems der Sklaverei eingesetzt hatte, war im April dem Attentat des fanatischen Südstaaten- und Sklavereianhängers John Wilkes Booth zum Opfer gefallen.
Lincoln galt als moderater Gegner der Sklaverei, der eine politische und gesellschaftliche Systemänderung mit Zugeständnissen an die Südstaaten versuchte durchzusetzen.
Um die Abspaltung der Süd- von den Nordstaaten und damit einen drohenden Bürgerkrieg zu verhindern, war er sogar bereit, dieses umstrittene System vorerst aufrechtzuerhalten.
Nach anfänglichen Erfolgen gerieten die Konföderierten jedoch immer mehr in die Defensive. Am Reconstruction bedeutet eigentlich die Herstellung des ursprünglichen Zustandes, was in diesem Fall jedoch nur für das politische, nicht jedoch für das gesellschaftliche System galt.
Viele Südstaatler hatten im Zuge des Bürgerkrieges ihr gesamtes Vermögen verloren, zu denen auch die Sklaven gehörten. Jetzt war dieses Geschäftsmodell nicht mehr so einträchtig, denn billige Sklavenarbeit stand nun nicht mehr zur Verfügung.
So manche Südstaatenfamilie , die lange Zeit wie ein opulentes und gut situiertes Leben geführt hatten, waren durch den Krieg verarmt und gaben die Schuld jetzt freien Schwarzen.
Die Folge davon waren Ablehnung und häufig auch Hass. Johnson fiel nicht gerade durch Zurückhaltung und Diplomatie auf und machte häufig seiner eigenen Regierung das Leben schwer.
Nicht selten bekämpfte er sein eigenes Kabinett und verhinderte die Durchsetzung so mancher Gesetze. Johnson setzte die politischen Ziele der Reconstruction zwar um, ohne sich jedoch allzu sehr für die jetzt schwarze freie Bevölkerung einzusetzen.
Zudem erinnerten die in den Südstaaten stationierten Unionstruppen, die jetzt die Ausrichtung des gesellschaftlichen und politischen Lebens bestimmten, die Südstaatler täglich an den verlorenen Krieg.
Titoli come "Grande Mago", "Ciclope Superiore" e Kleagle erano utilizzati per indicare lo status all'interno del Klan . Non si hanno notizie di simboli o bandiere utilizzati nelle manifestazioni del primo Klan nel XIX secolo.
Alcuni gruppi negli anni cinquanta e sessanta tentarono di usurpare l'uso della bandiera da guerra confederata , utilizzata durante la guerra di secessione , in operazioni volte a opporsi ai progetti di integrazione e antisegregazionisti nel Sud.
Nella sua forma frammentata il Klan continua a usare in alcune circostanze entrambe le bandiere confederata da guerra e federale moderna , comunque senza sanzioni ufficiali.
I gruppi del Klan negli anni venti usavano la bandiera ufficiale del movimento, una croce nera in campo bianco, a volte c'era anche un tomoe rosso rappresentante indifferentemente una fiamma o una goccia di sangue ci sono varie spiegazioni per i simboli.
L'invisibile impero si divide in vari "Regni" retti ognuno da un "Gran Dragone". Ogni "Regno" consta di un determinato numero di Province alla presidenza di ognuna delle quali si trova un "Gran Titano".
Ogni provincia si ripartisce in Cantoni su ognuno dei quali governa un "Eminente Ciclope". Il "Falco Notturno" presiede un collegio composto da un "Kleagle" una via di mezzo tra un commissario politico e un organizzatore , un "Klabee" tesoriere , un "Klingrapp" segretario un "Kludd" cappellano custode delle regole e della dottrina , un "Klokard" reclutatore, predicatore.
Dal punto di vista paramilitare, invece, il KKK riconosce un comandante supremo chiamato "Mago Imperiale", cui riportano i "Kladd" comandanti. Il bacino di reclutamento del KKK tra il e il era costituito da un gruppo politico attivissimo negli anni precedenti la seconda guerra mondiale negli Stati Uniti , il " German-American Volksbund ", messo fuorilegge nel al momento dell'entrata in guerra contro le Potenze dell'Asse.
It presented itself as a fraternal, nativist and strenuously patriotic organization; and its leaders emphasized support for vigorous enforcement of Prohibition laws.
It expanded membership dramatically to a peak of 1. By the s, most of its members lived in the Midwest and West. Nearly one in five of the eligible Indiana population were members.
In the South, where the great majority of whites were Democrats, the Klansmen were Democrats. In the rest of the country, the membership comprised both Republicans and Democrats, as well as independents.
Klan leaders tried to infiltrate political parties; as Cummings notes, "it was non-partisan in the sense that it pressed its nativist issues to both parties".
Klan leaders hope to have all major candidates competing to win the movement's endorsement. The Klan's leadership wanted to keep their options open and repeatedly announced that the movement was not aligned with any political party.
This non-alliance strategy was also valuable as a recruiting tool. The Klan drew its members from Democratic as well as Republican voters.
If the movement had aligned itself with a single political party, it would have substantially narrowed its pool of potential recruits. Religion was a major selling point.
Kelly J. Baker argues that Klansmen seriously embraced Protestantism as an essential component of their white supremacist, anti-Catholic, and paternalistic formulation of American democracy and national culture.
Their cross was a religious symbol, and their ritual honored Bibles and local ministers. But no nationally prominent religious leader said he was a Klan member.
Economists Fryer and Levitt argue that the rapid growth of the Klan in the s was partly the result of an innovative, multi-level marketing campaign.
They also argue that the Klan leadership focused more intently on monetizing the organization during this period than fulfilling the political goals of the organization.
Local leaders profited from expanding their membership. Historians agree that the Klan's resurgence in the s was aided by the national debate over Prohibition.
In , two hundred Klan members set fire to saloons in Union County, Arkansas. Membership in the Klan and in other Prohibition groups overlapped, and they sometimes coordinated activities.
A significant characteristic of the second Klan was that it was an organization based in urban areas, reflecting the major shifts of population to cities in the North, West, and the South.
In Michigan, for instance, 40, members lived in Detroit , where they made up more than half of the state's membership. Most Klansmen were lower- to middle-class whites who were trying to protect their jobs and housing from the waves of newcomers to the industrial cities: immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe, who were mostly Catholic or Jewish; and black and white migrants from the South.
As new populations poured into cities, rapidly changing neighborhoods created social tensions. Because of the rapid pace of population growth in industrializing cities such as Detroit and Chicago, the Klan grew rapidly in the Midwest.
The Klan also grew in booming Southern cities such as Dallas and Houston. In the medium-size industrial city of Worcester, Massachusetts , in the s, the Klan ascended to power quickly but declined as a result of opposition from the Catholic Church.
There was no violence and the local newspaper ridiculed Klansmen as "night-shirt knights". Half of the members were Swedish Americans , including some first-generation immigrants.
The ethnic and religious conflicts among more recent immigrants contributed to the rise of the Klan in the city. Swedish Protestants were struggling against Irish Catholics, who had been entrenched longer, for political and ideological control of the city.
In some states, historians have obtained membership rosters of some local units and matched the names against city directory and local records to create statistical profiles of the membership.
Big city newspapers were often hostile and ridiculed Klansmen as ignorant farmers. Detailed analysis from Indiana showed that the rural stereotype was false for that state:.
Indiana's Klansmen represented a wide cross section of society: they were not disproportionately urban or rural, nor were they significantly more or less likely than other members of society to be from the working class, middle class, or professional ranks.
Klansmen were Protestants , of course, but they cannot be described exclusively or even predominantly as fundamentalists.
In reality, their religious affiliations mirrored the whole of white Protestant society, including those who did not belong to any church.
The Klan attracted people but most of them did not remain in the organization for long. Membership in the Klan turned over rapidly as people found out that it was not the group which they had wanted.
The lessening of social tensions contributed to the Klan's decline. The distinctive white costume permitted large-scale public activities, especially parades and cross-burning ceremonies, while keeping the membership rolls a secret.
Sales of the costumes provided the main financing for the national organization, while initiation fees funded local and state organizers.
The second Klan embraced the burning Latin cross as a dramatic display of symbolism, with a tone of intimidation.
Its lighting during meetings was often accompanied by prayer, the singing of hymns , and other overtly religious symbolism.
Griffith used this image in The Birth of a Nation ; Simmons adopted the symbol wholesale from the movie, and the symbol and action have been associated with the Klan ever since.
By the s, the KKK developed a women's auxiliary, with chapters in many areas. Its activities included participation in parades, cross lightings, lectures, rallies, and boycotts of local businesses owned by Catholics and Jews.
The Women's Klan was active in promoting Prohibition, stressing liquor's negative impact on wives and children. Its efforts in public schools included distributing Bibles and petitioning for the dismissal of Roman Catholic teachers.
As a result of the Women's Klan's efforts, Texas would not hire Catholic teachers to work in its public schools. As sexual and financial scandals rocked the Klan leadership late in the s, the organization's popularity among both men and women dropped off sharply.
The second Klan expanded with new chapters in cities in the Midwest and West, and reached both Republicans and Democrats, as well as men without a party affiliation.
The goal of Prohibition in particular helped the Klan and some Republicans to make common cause in the North.
The Klan had numerous members in every part of the United States, but was particularly strong in the South and Midwest.
In Indiana, members were American-born, white Protestants and covered a wide range of incomes and social levels.
The Indiana Klan was perhaps the most prominent Ku Klux Klan in the nation. Catholic and liberal Democrats — who were strongest in northeastern cities — decided to make the Klan an issue at the Democratic National Convention in New York City.
Their delegates proposed a resolution indirectly attacking the Klan; it was defeated by one vote out of 1, After weeks of stalemate and bitter argumentation, both candidates withdrew in favor of a compromise candidate.
In some states, such as Alabama and California, KKK chapters had worked for political reform. In , Klan members were elected to the city council in Anaheim, California.
The city had been controlled by an entrenched commercial-civic elite that was mostly German American. Given their tradition of moderate social drinking, the German Americans did not strongly support Prohibition laws — the mayor had been a saloon keeper.
Led by the minister of the First Christian Church, the Klan represented a rising group of politically oriented non-ethnic Germans who denounced the elite as corrupt, undemocratic and self-serving.
The historian Christopher Cocoltchos says the Klansmen tried to create a model, orderly community. The Klan had about 1, members in Orange County, California.
The economic and occupational profile of the pro- and anti-Klan groups shows the two were similar and about equally prosperous. Klan members were Protestants, as were most of their opponents, but the latter also included many Catholic Germans.
Individuals who joined the Klan had earlier demonstrated a much higher rate of voting and civic activism than did their opponents. Cocoltchos suggests that many of the individuals in Orange County joined the Klan out of that sense of civic activism.
The Klan representatives easily won the local election in Anaheim in April They fired city employees who were known to be Catholic, and replaced them with Klan appointees.
The new city council tried to enforce Prohibition. After its victory, the Klan chapter held large rallies and initiation ceremonies over the summer.
Klan opponents in took back local government, and succeeded in a special election in recalling the Klansmen who had been elected in April The Klan in Anaheim quickly collapsed, its newspaper closed after losing a libel suit, and the minister who led the local Klavern moved to Kansas.
In the South, Klan members were still Democratic, as it was essentially a one-party region for whites.
Klan chapters were closely allied with Democratic police, sheriffs, and other functionaries of local government. Due to disenfranchisement of most African Americans and many poor whites around the start of the 20th century, the only political activity for whites took place within the Democratic Party.
In Alabama, Klan members advocated better public schools, effective Prohibition enforcement, expanded road construction, and other political measures to benefit lower-class white people.
By , the Klan was a political force in the state, as leaders such as J. Thomas Heflin , David Bibb Graves , and Hugo Black tried to build political power against the Black Belt wealthy planters , who had long dominated the state.
He was a former Klan chapter head. He pushed for increased education funding, better public health, new highway construction, and pro-labor legislation.
Because the Alabama state legislature refused to redistrict until , and then under court order, the Klan was unable to break the planters' and rural areas' hold on legislative power.
Scholars and biographers have recently examined Hugo Black's Klan role. Ball finds regarding the KKK that Black "sympathized with the group's economic, nativist, and anti-Catholic beliefs".
In President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Black to the Supreme Court without knowing how active in the Klan he had been in the s. He was confirmed by his fellow Senators before the full KKK connection was known; Justice Black said he left the Klan when he became a senator.
Many groups and leaders, including prominent Protestant ministers such as Reinhold Niebuhr in Detroit, spoke out against the Klan, gaining national attention.
The Jewish Anti-Defamation League was formed in the early 20th century in response to attacks on Jewish Americans , including the lynching of Leo Frank in Atlanta, and to the Klan's campaign to prohibit private schools which was chiefly aimed at Catholic parochial schools.
Opposing groups worked to penetrate the Klan's secrecy. After one civic group in Indiana began to publish Klan membership lists, there was a rapid decline in the number of Klan members.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP launched public education campaigns in order to inform people about Klan activities and lobbied in Congress against Klan abuses.
After its peak in , Klan membership in most areas began to decline rapidly. Specific events contributed to the Klan's decline as well.
In Indiana, the scandal surrounding the murder trial of Grand Dragon D. Stephenson destroyed the image of the KKK as upholders of law and order.
By the Klan was "crippled and discredited". Stephenson was the grand dragon of Indiana and 22 northern states. In he had led the states under his control in order to break away from the national KKK organization.
At his trial, he was convicted of second-degree murder for his part in the rape, and subsequent death, of Madge Oberholtzer. Stephenson and the other salesmen and office seekers who maneuvered for control of Indiana's Invisible Empire lacked both the ability and the desire to use the political system to carry out the Klan's stated goals.
They were uninterested in, or perhaps even unaware of, grass roots concerns within the movement. For them, the Klan had been nothing more than a means for gaining wealth and power.
These marginal men had risen to the top of the hooded order because, until it became a political force, the Klan had never required strong, dedicated leadership.
More established and experienced politicians who endorsed the Klan, or who pursued some of the interests of their Klan constituents, also accomplished little.
Factionalism created one barrier, but many politicians had supported the Klan simply out of expedience. When charges of crime and corruption began to taint the movement, those concerned about their political futures had even less reason to work on the Klan's behalf.
In Alabama, KKK vigilantes launched a wave of physical terror in They targeted both blacks and whites for violations of racial norms and for perceived moral lapses.
Grover C. Hall , Sr. Today the paper says it "waged war on the resurgent [KKK]". Sheriffs cracked down on activities.
In the presidential election , the state voters overcame their initial opposition to the Catholic candidate Al Smith , and voted the Democratic Party line as usual.
Although in decline, a measure of the Klan's influence was still evident when it staged its march along Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D. By , Klan membership in Alabama dropped to less than 6, Small independent units continued to be active in the industrial city of Birmingham.
KKK units were active through the s in parts of Georgia, with a group of "night riders" in Atlanta enforcing their moral views by flogging people who violated them, whites as well as blacks.
In March , they were implicated in the beating murders of a young white couple taken from their car on a lovers lane, and flogged a white barber to death for drinking, both in East Point, a suburb of Atlanta.
More than 20 others were "brutally flogged". As the police began to investigate, they found the records of the KKK had disappeared from their East Point office.
The cases were reported by the Chicago Tribune  and the NAACP in its Crisis magazine,  as well as local papers.
In , three lynchings of black men by whites no KKK affiliation is known took place in the South: Elbert Williams was the first NAACP member known to be killed for civil rights activities: he was murdered in Brownsville, Tennessee , for working to register blacks to vote, and several other activists were run out of town; Jesse Thornton was lynched in Luverne, Alabama , for a minor social infraction; and year-old Austin Callaway , a suspect in the assault of a white woman, was taken from jail in the middle of the night and killed by six white men in LaGrange, Georgia.
In major Southern cities such as Birmingham, Alabama , Klan members kept control of access to the better-paying industrial jobs and opposed unions.
During the s and s, Klan leaders urged members to disrupt the Congress of Industrial Organizations CIO , which advocated industrial unions and accepted African-American members, unlike earlier unions.
With access to dynamite and using the skills from their jobs in mining and steel, in the late s some Klan members in Birmingham used bombings to destroy houses in order to intimidate upwardly mobile blacks who moved into middle-class neighborhoods.
Activism by these independent KKK groups in Birmingham increased as a reaction to the civil rights movement of the s and s.
Independent Klan groups violently opposed the civil rights movement. Members of the Communist Workers' Party came to North Carolina to organize textile workers and pushed back against racial discrimination there, taunting the KKK, resulting in the Greensboro massacre.
In , after experiencing several years of decline due to the Great Depression , the Imperial Wizard Hiram Wesley Evans sold the national organization to James A.
Colescott , an Indiana veterinary physician , and Samuel Green , an Atlanta obstetrician. They could not revive the Klan's declining membership.
Local Klan groups closed down over the following years. Sällskapets ledare antog titeln imperial wizard "kejserlig trollkarl" och fick vid sin sida ett antal funktionärer med fantasifulla titlar, bland andra grand dragon "stordrake" för varje stats "klanchef", Kleagles av "Klan" och eagles , "örnar" för medlemsanskaffare; alla var riddare knights av klanen.
Som dess högkvarter angavs staden Atlanta. I flera stater var sällskapet en inflytelserik faktor i lokalpolitiken och även gentemot domare. A burning cross became the symbol of the new organization, and white-robed Klansmen participated in marches, parades, and nighttime cross burnings all over the country.
The Klan enjoyed a last spurt of growth in , when Alfred E. Smith , a Catholic, received the Democratic presidential nomination.
There were numerous instances of bombings, whippings, and shootings in Southern communities , carried out in secret but apparently the work of Klansmen.
Lyndon B. Johnson publicly denounced the organization in a nationwide television address announcing the arrest of four Klansmen in connection with the slaying of a civil-rights worker, a white woman, in Alabama.
The Klan was unable to stem the growth of a new racial tolerance in the South in the years that followed.
Though the organization continued some of its surreptitious activities into the early 21st century, cases of Klan violence became more isolated, and its membership had declined to a few thousand.
Ku Klux Klan Article Media Additional Info.
Moviez | Serien | HD | Tv | Streams Online Klukluxklan findest Siena Agudong aktuelle Klukluxklan und TV-Serien gratis als Stream. - InhaltsverzeichnisDer Tag Warum die Impfung kein Freifahrtschein ist.